What Are Milia and How to Remove Them

Have you seen small white bumps on your skin that do not look like pimples or warts? These might be milia, which are yellowish or white harmless cysts that are common in a lot of people. Most of those who have milia do not notice them because there are no alarming symptoms, however, they can become inflamed and might change someone’s appearance.

Causes and Types of Milia

Milia is formed when the dead skin cells are trapped under the upper layer of the skin. The dead skin cells are also called keratin, which is a protein naturally found in our skin and hair. These trapped debris can turn into cysts which appear as raised bumps that look like a small pimple.

Milia is also known by the names oil seed or milk spot, and often occur in clusters on the face. There are arguments that connect the formation of milia to sun damage or complications due to illness, which is why milia can be classified into six types depending on the age of the person and its probable cause.

Primary milia is characterized by the appearance of the cysts on the forehead, eyelids, cheeks, and genitals among children and adults. Even without treatment, this type of milia will eventually disappear. However, their cause is still unknown similar to neonatal milia.

Neonatal milia are common in infants. They disappear after a while even without treatment, but you should have your baby’s skin checked to rule out other conditions like baby acne.

Juvenile milia is classified as an inherited condition and may even begin as neonatal milia. In others, the cysts do not show up until the child is a bit older. This type of milia will disappear and reappear even without treatment.

Secondary milia is the result of damage to the skin, unlike primary milia which can appear for no reason. The cysts will appear usually after the skin has healed from a previous condition. Secondary milia can also come as a result of exposure to cosmetics.

Multiple eruptive milia appears as a cluster of cysts and are usually itchy. They can be mistaken for acne or other skin conditions because of their appearance, but you should be careful when using ointments or creams that might make the condition worse.

Milia en plaque is the rarest form of milia that appear on the eyelid, behind the ear, jaw, and cheeks of middle-aged women. It is not clear what causes this type of milia, but they do not usually lead to life-threatening issues.

Removal and Treatment of Milia

As long as the milia is not inflamed or infected, it is no cause for alarm. It can go away after a while but that does not guarantee they will reappear after a few months. However, if the milia becomes bothersome or has altered your appearance, you can have them removed by a dermatologist or an ophthalmologist (if they are found near the eyes).

There are many ways to do this safely including heat therapy, cryotherapy, chemical peels, and laser ablation. However, if the milia are found in sensitive areas like near the eyes, it is best to have them removed with a lancet or sterilized needle.

What is Prader-Willi Syndrome?

Some people joke about always feeling hungry when someone calls them out for gaining weight, but for children who go to great pains just to get a morsel of food because they never feel full, it’s no longer a joke.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Prader-Willi syndrome is a genetic disease caused by an error in the chromosomes, specifically chromosome 15. There is no explanation why this happens, and the symptoms do not usually manifest in infants until they start feeding. Although there are no obvious physical defects, it affects the child’s behavior, learning capabilities, and emotional growth.

The most obvious symptom is the child’s insatiable hunger, caused by the body’s inability to send signals whether it’s full or not no matter how much the child eats. As a result, the child is constantly seeking food and may be in danger of obesity and its related problems. They are also prone to learning difficulties, restricted growth, and behavioral problems, and the only way to determine if the child has PWS is through genetic testing if the child shows some of these symptoms.

Treatment of Prader-Willi Syndrome

Unfortunately, there is no cure for PWS, which is why parents are advised to closely monitor the child’s eating habits and to manage the symptoms associated with weight problems. Most families affected by this disease need to impose a restricted but balanced and healthy diet for the child, a task that can be emotionally draining for parents.

The child will go to great lengths to obtain food, and there are even cases where the child would willingly eat animal excrement just to satisfy their hunger. Dealing with the child’s behavior problems brought about by constant hunger is the most challenging part of the treatment, not the diet itself. Some teenagers with PWS live in care facilities to help them eat a healthy diet and enjoy a safe environment, although a strict meal plan at home will give the same benefits.

Lifestyle and Diet

The symptoms of PWS are not life-threatening as long as the family of the child can control the eating habits and prevent problems associated with obesity. Infants with PWS are advised to have a high-calorie formula to prevent the decrease in muscle tone, while older children may be given human growth hormone treatment if there are problems in the child’s physical growth and development.

Others are also advised to get hormone replacement therapy to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis and a to observe a reduced-calories diet to manage the child’s weight. Physical activities are also encouraged to maintain an ideal weight and to take off the child’s mind from food obsession. Other physical symptoms are treated separately if the child has diabetes, scoliosis, hypothyroidism or eye problems.

What is Strabismus?

Have you ever wondered why some people have misaligned eyes? The condition is collectively called strabismus and it is classified into several types.

In normal eyes, the external eye muscles or extraocular muscles are supposed to work perfectly for proper position, function, neurological control, and binocular vision. People with strabismus have anatomical or neurological problems that interfere with one of those.

Types of Strabismus

The type of misalignment of the eyes is classified based on the direction of the misalignment. Below are the most common types of strabismus.


This is described by the turning-in of one or both the eyes and is sometimes called crossed eyes. Some newborns may exhibit this symptom, but they usually go away after a while. But if the misalignment does not correct itself by the time the baby is 4 months old or the misalignment is significant, the child should be taken to an ophthalmologist for proper diagnosis. Esotropia can also be a symptom of another eye condition, neurological condition, thyroid eye diseases, stroke, and others.

If left untreated, the child will frequently experience double vision, amblyopia, and decrease in the binocular vision. Although the condition can run in families, a baby has a higher risk of developing esotropia if he/she is born premature, or there is a history of systemic disorders, neurological problems, and other genetic disorders in the family. Esotropia can be treated by addressing the cause of the problem. This means that ocular alignment, diplopia, and amblyopia should be addressed using spectacles, surgery, and Botox injections.


This type of strabismus is the opposite of esotropia. Exotropia is the turning outward of one or both eyes and is most noticeable if the child is daydreaming or is tired or looking at a distance. Intermitted exotropia is harmless as long as it resolves itself, but if it happens frequently, the child should be taken to an ophthalmologist. Usually, the child is unaware that one eye has drifted outwards and experience no changes in the vision, although some describe blurry or double vision.

One common symptom is that the child will close or squint one eye when they focus on bright lights, which means that it can be difficult for them to use both eyes at the same time. Other than possible genetic abnormalities and eye conditions, exotropia is not caused by any external factor or activity. This is usually treated using glasses or surgery to realign the eyes if the symptoms affect everyday activities.

Hypertropia and Hypotropia

Hypertropia is the turning upwards or the eye, while hypotropia is the turning downwards of the eye. It does not cause pain and other symptoms, but the child will experience double vision, eye strain, and headaches from time to time. One common sign is that unconsciously they will tilt the head to one side to get better vision. However, these types of strabismus may be a symptom of other conditions such as Brown syndrome, fourth cranial nerve palsy, and Duane syndrome.

Why Coolsculpting Deserves its Hype

When we think about the idea of removing fats in our bodies, it’s normal to feel sceptical about procedures that offer quick and easy fat reduction. However, with today’s technology, effective and safe removal of fat has become more and more convenient to do. In fact, it has become easier than ever.


Coolsculpting works by targeting certain areas of the body by applying controlled cooling. The fat cells die as it freezes and gets flushed out of the body naturally in three to six months. Results can be easily seen after one treatment, and a session usually takes no longer an hour. Here are the reasons why the procedure is a trend today.

1. It’s Non-Surgical

Many slimming procedures, such as gastric bypass and liposuction, require patients to undergo surgery. Not so with coolsculpting: it’s a non-surgical procedure, meaning your doctor won’t make even a single incision in the area where you want fat to be removed. The treatment uses a machine that freezes and kills the fat cells from outside the body, eliminating the risk of infection and scarring.

2. It’s Quick and Has No Downtime

Many patients in Singapore have their coolsculpting session while they are on their lunch break. During the procedure, some patients quietly read a book, listen to music, or even take a nap, which you can’t do with traditional fat-reduction treatment. And because it’s non-surgical, there is no downtime and recovery time needed to make wounds heal. After doing painless coolsculpting at Astique Clinic in Singapore you can go back to your routine—drive yourself to places, return to the office, go to the gym, etc.

3. It’s Safe and Effective

Coolsculpting in Singapore is FDA-approved, meaning that the procedure has undergone a series of tests conducted by the Food and Drug Administration. The tests and clinical trials have shown that the technique does not only work, but is also safe to use. The freezing that occurs during the treatment is targeted in specific areas, so only the fat cells in a certain area are affected, leaving the healthy cells untouched and undamaged. Additionally, the treatment does not require you to take any medication, nor requires you to undergo a surgery, which reduces the risk of complications related to wound healing.

4. It Tones the Body

Perhaps, you have lost a lot of weight, but still unable to get rid of stubborn fat in certain areas of your body. You may be close to your ideal weight, yet no exercise and diet can even out your figure and get rid of that bit of tummy chub, arm flab, inner thigh fat, or that pesky double chin. With the help of coolsculpting in Singapore, you can eliminate those trouble areas efficiently and safely, without downtime.


5. It’s a Pain-Free Procedure

As mentioned, this treatment is a non-surgical procedure. Therefore, it will not require any incision to get rid of fat cells. However, expect to feel uncomfortable during the first 10 to 15 minutes of the treatment as the machine pulls the flab of skin into the panels and starts cooling it. As the procedure continues, the treated part gradually loses its sensitivity due to the numbing effect of the procedure. When asked on a scale from zero to 10, with 10 being the worst, most patients in Singapore rate the pain one or two.

6. It Encourages Better Lifestyle

The procedure aims to aid fat reduction, instead of total substitute of exercise and diet. Results show up gradually and look more natural compared to the drastic change from surgical fat reduction procedures. Many times, patients choose to live a healthier lifestyle to maintain the pleasing results they see from the procedure. It’s like refusing a bowl of ice cream after you worked hard in the gym, but with greater and more visible results.

7. It Has Long-Lasting Results

With exercise and proper diet, fat cells shrink in size but remains in the body. Once you give in to your fatty cravings or skip the gym, those fat cells expand, making you gain weight again. However, with coolsculpting, fat cells are flushed out of the body permanently. When you gain weight, you’re likely to see an even distribution of fat throughout the body, rather than just in the trouble areas.

8. It Enhances Self-Confidence

After seeing results from the treatment, you feel much lighter and leaner, and you look and feel better in your clothes. When you feel good about your physical appearance, you are much happier, and that shows in the way you present yourself. You exude positivism in your day-to-day life, at work, and in front of other people, and your view of life will likely improve a well.

Important tips for maintaining results:

• Get a massage. Physical fitness experts in Singapore suggest getting a massage after having the procedure. Studies show that patients who get a massage after the treatment get sooner and better results than those who do not.
• Have regular exercise. Exercising benefits everyone in so many ways. It burns fat, thus helps maintain coolsculpting results. Make sure to do a variety of resistance and cardiovascular exercises to maintain—or even improve—results of the treatment.
• Adjust your diet. Fill your diet with more fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains to ensure you are getting the right amount of nutrients that you need. Watch your intake of sweets and processed foods as these contribute to weight gain.

Although coolsculpting in Singapore won’t give you dramatic results like liposuction does, most people who choose to have this procedure are not looking for drastic weight loss, but rather a bit of shaping in the trouble areas. Don’t settle for having that arm flab, back fat, or muffin top, get that toned body you want with coolsculpting.


Top 3 Commonly Acquired Illnesses

Despite the state-of-the-art hospital facilities in the country, many Singaporeans acquire some non-lethal diseases which are commonly acquired through the changes in weather. These illnesses can be easily treated through the use of some medications like tablets and syrups. Also, these maybe one of the top sicknesses in the planet.


  1. Cough: Indeed, cough can be easily acquired. In fact, it can be quickly transmitted from person to person by just coughing. So, to prevent the disease from being passed to other people most especially to your loved ones, better cover your mouth when you cough.
  2. Colds: The country has a humid climate almost all throughout the year. Thus, it is very common to all of us to acquire colds. How? Through the rapid change of weather and lowered immune system, colds can easily get in a person. For instance, the sun shines very bright and suddenly rain comes out. Therefore, when you do not protect yourself, colds will simply enter in your body.Girl blowing her nose
  3. Fever: Sometimes, when colds and cough are not properly treated, it will result to fever. However, there are times that it can get through a person with an unhealthy physique.

The cure for these illnesses are just simple. However, if it is left untreated, there could be possibilities that it will become more serious and can be sometimes deadly. In reality, proper care of the body is the most effective way to get rid of the mentioned sicknesses.


What You Need to Know About Peptic Ulcers

In general, ulcers refer to the sore created when there is a destruction of skin or mucus membrane. Peptic ulcer disease is characterized by soreness in the stomach’s lining or the duodenum. Ulcers can be a cause of infection, large amounts of acid production and excessive use of NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen. Here’s an overview of peptic ulcers:



Symptoms for mild cases include nausea accompanied by vomiting, swelling up, heartburn and nibbling pain (in the upper or middle stomach) between meals. If the ulcer is serious, weight loss, black stools, throwing up blood and severe pain (in the upper or middle stomach) may be experienced.

Ulcers are usually not that serious but you should not ignore the warning signs because failure to address it can lead to more serious diseases. Ulcers excuse no one. People with family history of ulcers, alcohol drinkers and people over 50 years old may be affected.   


Doctors will know your condition once you lay all the symptoms however to be sure, doctors will ask you to do series of tests. Doctors will suggest upper endoscopy if you complain severe pain. A small tube will be inserted to the throat passing through the stomach to look for abnormalities or destruction.


The doctor will first determine the severity of the ulcer. If it is mild, they can prescribe ulcer medications like Proton Pump Indicators (Prevacid, Aciphex, Protonix, etc.) and antibiotics. If it is severe, they will perform endoscopy or surgery.

To prevent or at least reduce ulcers, you need to change your lifestyle. Avoid drinking and smoking. You should remember not to overuse NSAIDs. Of course you need to eat the right foods to be healthy.