What You Need to Know About Peptic Ulcers

In general, ulcers refer to the sore created when there is a destruction of skin or mucus membrane. Peptic ulcer disease is characterized by soreness in the stomach’s lining or the duodenum. Ulcers can be a cause of infection, large amounts of acid production and excessive use of NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen. Here’s an overview of peptic ulcers:

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Symptoms

Symptoms for mild cases include nausea accompanied by vomiting, swelling up, heartburn and nibbling pain (in the upper or middle stomach) between meals. If the ulcer is serious, weight loss, black stools, throwing up blood and severe pain (in the upper or middle stomach) may be experienced.

Ulcers are usually not that serious but you should not ignore the warning signs because failure to address it can lead to more serious diseases. Ulcers excuse no one. People with family history of ulcers, alcohol drinkers and people over 50 years old may be affected.   

Diagnosis

Doctors will know your condition once you lay all the symptoms however to be sure, doctors will ask you to do series of tests. Doctors will suggest upper endoscopy if you complain severe pain. A small tube will be inserted to the throat passing through the stomach to look for abnormalities or destruction.

Treatment

The doctor will first determine the severity of the ulcer. If it is mild, they can prescribe ulcer medications like Proton Pump Indicators (Prevacid, Aciphex, Protonix, etc.) and antibiotics. If it is severe, they will perform endoscopy or surgery.

To prevent or at least reduce ulcers, you need to change your lifestyle. Avoid drinking and smoking. You should remember not to overuse NSAIDs. Of course you need to eat the right foods to be healthy.

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